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Brief Title: Impact of Valproate on Angiogenesis and Histone Deacetylation in Bladder Cancer

Impact of Valproate on Angiogenesis and Histone Deacetylation in Bladder Cancer

INTRODUCTION

  • Org Study ID: 256549
  • Secondary ID: N/A
  • NTC ID: NCT01738815
  • Sponsor: State University of New York - Upstate Medical University

BRIEF SUMMARY

The goal of this study is to test whether the drug valproic acid can cause changes in bladder tumors that might inhibit their growth.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the United States with over 60,000 new cases each year. It can usually be treated initially by insertion of an endoscope into the bladder and surgically removing the tumor, a procedure known as cystoscopy and trans-urethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). For most patients this procedure will successfully remove all of the detectable tumor. Unfortunately over 40% of all patients will develop a cancer recurrence in less than two years and all patients remain at increased risk of recurrence for the remainder of their lives. This risk requires life long monitoring and this is best accomplished with regular cystoscopic examinations. The goal of this study is to test whether the drug valproic acid can cause changes in bladder tumors that might inhibit their growth. Patients with suspected bladder cancer will be invited to participate in the study, if a tumor is observed during cystoscopy it will be sampled for research purposes and then according to standards of care, the patient scheduled for TURBT under general anesthesia. In the interval between discovery of a bladder tumor and resection, usually two to four weeks, the patient will be given valproic acid to take orally. In addition, tumors from patients with known or suspected bladder cancer referred for TURBT or cystectomy will be sampled. The tumor pieces obtained before and after taking valproic acid and from the referral patients not treated with valproic acid will be analyzed to see if the drug has changed what genes are active. We have found that valproic acid causes bladder cancer cells to make more of the protein, thrombospondin-1. This protein inhibits the growth of new blood vessels and so increased thrombospondin-1 in bladder tumors should inhibit their growth by decreasing the blood supply. Valproic acid may change thrombospondin-1 levels through inhibition of histone deacetylases. We will also assay HDAC activity in the tumor specimens. If valproic acid alters thrombospondin-1 levels and HDAC activity in bladder cancer patients further study to see if it can reduce growth will be justified. Valproic acid is a drug approved for the treatment of seizure disorders that is generally well tolerated with few side effects. It may prove useful in reducing bladder cancer recurrence and progression.

  • Overall Status
    Unknown status
  • Start Date
    December 2011
  • Phase
    Early Phase 1
  • Study Type
    Interventional

PRIMARY OUTCOMES

Primary Outcome 1 - Measure: Thrombospondin-1 gene expression

Primary Outcome 1 - Timeframe: 1 day

CONDITION

  • Hematuria
  • Bladder Cancer

ELIGIBILITY

Inclusion Criteria:
Patient over the age of 21

- Bladder tumor suspected or confirmed

- ECOG status 0 to 2

- Premedication Lab values:
Absolute Neutrophil Count >750 cells/m3 AST/ALT less than 1.5xN Amylase less than 1.5xN Platelet Count > 125,000 PT/PTT > 1.3xN Hemoglobin > 8gm/dL Creatinine less than 1.5xN
Exclusion Criteria:
Allergy to valproic acid

- Concurrent chemotherapy

- Pre-menopausal women

- Active systemic infection (HepatitisB,C)

- Coagulation disorders

- Concurrent medication: Tolbutamide, Warfarin, Zidovudine, Benzodiazepine, Clonazepam, Diazepam, Any anti-convulsant therapy

- Seizure disorder

- Dementia

- History of Pancreatitis

- HIV diagnosis/treatment

- Liver disease/dysfunction

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 21 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

OFFICIAL INFORMATION

Name: Oleg Shapiro, MD

Role: Principal Investigator

Affiliation: State University of New York - Upstate Medical University

Overall Contact

Name: Oleg Shapiro, MD

Phone: N/A

Email: N/A

LOCATION

Facility Status Contact
Facility: SUNY Upstate Medical University
Syracuse, New York 13210
United States
Status: Recruiting Contact: Contact
Jay E Reeder, Ph.D.
315-464-6104
reederj@upstate.edu