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Brief Title: Use of Immediate Hyperthermic Intravesical Chemotherapy Following TURBT

A Pilot Study on the Use of Immediate Hyperthermic Intravesical Chemotherapy Following Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumour (I-HIVEC Study)


  • Org Study ID: CRE Ref. No. 2018.206
  • Secondary ID: N/A
  • NCT ID: NCT03689478
  • Sponsor: Chinese University of Hong Kong


This is a prospective single-arm pilot study investigating the safety and feasibility of giving hyperthermic intravesical chemotherapy immediately following transurethral resection of bladder tumour.


The Combat Bladder Recirculation System (BRS) is a CE marked device which has been used in over 200 sites in Europe. It is an aluminum heat exchanger that allows hyperthermic intravesical chemotherapy (HIVEC) at 43±0.2 degrees for patients with bladder cancer. Previous studies showed that the Combat BRS could warm the entire bladder wall to the target temperature with excellent safety parameters. The flow rates and pressure levels are kept low during the HIVEC treatment. A previous study has demonstrated the safety and tolerability of HIVEC as a maintenance therapy for patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), and two randomized controlled trials are underway to demonstrate its efficacy in terms of disease recurrence and progression. On the other hand, the use of HIVEC immediately following transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) remains largely unexplored. It is the investigators' current practice to give intravesical mitomycin C (MMC) to all patients who have endoscopically NMIBC with complete resection, provided that there are no bladder perforations being noted. In this study, the investigators shall evaluate the safety and feasibility of hyperthermia in addition to the current practice of intravesical MMC alone immediately following TURBT.

  • Overall Status
  • Start Date
    October 22, 2018
  • Phase
    Not Applicable
  • Study Type


Primary Outcome 1 - Measure:

Primary Outcome 1 - Timeframe: N/A


  • Bladder Cancer
  • Hyperthermia
  • Chemotherapy Effect


Inclusion Criteria:
* 18 years or above with informed consent
Exclusion Criteria:
* ECOG performance status ≥2

- * ASA 4 or above

- * History of bleeding disorder

- * Any use of anti-coagulants

- * Pregnancy

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No


Name: N/A

Role: N/A

Affiliation: N/A

Overall Contact

Name: N/A

Phone: N/A

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Facility Status Contact